X41 D-Sec GmbH Security Advisory X41-2019-003: Stack-based buffer- overflow in Thunderbird

From: X41 D-Sec GmbH Advisories <advisories@x41-dsec.de>
To: bugtraq@securityfocus.com,fulldisclosure@seclists.org
Cc:
Subject: X41 D-Sec GmbH Security Advisory X41-2019-003: Stack-based buffer- overflow in Thunderbird
Date:


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X41 D-Sec GmbH Security Advisory: X41-2019-003

Stack-based buffer overflow in Thunderbird
==========================================
Severity Rating: High
Confirmed Affected Versions: All versions affected
Confirmed Patched Versions: Thunderbird ESR 60.7.XXX
Vendor: Thunderbird
Vendor URL: https://www.thunderbird.net/
Vendor Reference: https://bugzilla.mozilla.org/show_bug.cgi?id=1553808
Vector: Incoming mail with calendar attachment
Credit: X41 D-SEC GmbH, Luis Merino
Status: Public
CVE: CVE-2019-11705
CWE: 121
CVSS Score: 7.8
CVSS Vector: CVSS:3.0/AV:N/AC:H/PR:N/UI:N/S:C/C:H/I:H/A:H/E:U/RL:O
Advisory-URL:
https://www.x41-dsec.de/lab/advisories/x41-2019-003-thunderbird

Summary and Impact
==================
A stack-based buffer overflow has been identified in the Thunderbird
email client. The issue is present in the libical implementation, which
was forked from upstream libical version 0.47.
The issue can be triggered remotely, when an attacker sends an specially
crafted calendar attachment and does not require user interaction. It
might be used by a remote attacker to crash or gain remote code
execution in the client system.
X41 did not perform a full test or audit on the software.

Product Description
===================
Thunderbird is a free and open source email, newsfeed, chat, and
calendaring client, that's easy to set up and customize.

Analysis
========
A stack-based buffer overflow in icalrecur.c icalrecur_add_bydayrules()
can be triggered while parsing a calendar attachment containing a
malformed or specially crafted string.

~~~
static int icalrecuraddbydayrules(struct icalrecurparser *parser,
                                    const char *vals)
{
    short *array = parser->rt.byday;
    // ...
    while (n != 0) {
    // ...
        if (wd != ICALNOWEEKDAY) {
            array[i++] = (short) (sign * (wd + 8 * weekno));
            array[i] = ICALRECURRENCEARRAYMAX;
    }
}
~~~

Missing sanity checks in `icalrecuradd_bydayrules()can lead to
out of bounds write in aarraywhenweekno` takes an invalid value.
The issue manifests as an out-of-bounds write in a stack allocated
buffer overflow.
It is expected that an attacker can exploit this vulnerability to
achieve remote code execution when proper stack smashing mitigations
are missing.

Proof of Concept
================
A reproducer eml file can be found in

https://github.com/x41sec/advisories/tree/master/X41-2019-003

Workarounds
===========
A fix is available from upstream. Alternatively, libical can be replaced
by icaljs, a JavaScript implementation of ical parsing, by setting
calendar.icaljs = true in Thunderbird configuration.

Timeline
========
2019-05-23 Issues reported to the vendor
2019-05-23 Vendor reply
2019-06-12 CVE IDs assigned
2019-06-13 Patched Version released
2019-06-13 Advisory released

About X41 D-SEC GmbH
====================
X41 is an expert provider for application security services.
Having extensive industry experience and expertise in the area of
information security, a strong core security team of world class
security experts enables X41 to perform premium security services.
Fields of expertise in the area of application security are security
centered code reviews, binary reverse engineering and vulnerability
discovery.

Custom research and a IT security consulting and support services are
core competencies of X41.
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