Re: [FD] Defense in depth -- the Microsoft way (part 51): Skype's- home-grown updater allows escalation of privilege to SYSTEM

From: Jeffrey Walton <noloader@gmail.com>
To: Stefan Kanthak <stefan.kanthak@nexgo.de>
Cc: BugTraq <bugtraq@securityfocus.com>,Full Disclosure List <fulldisclosure@seclists.org>
Subject: Re: [FD] Defense in depth -- the Microsoft way (part 51): Skype's- home-grown updater allows escalation of privilege to SYSTEM
Date:


On Fri, Feb 9, 2018 at 1:01 PM, Stefan Kanthak <stefan.kanthak@nexgo.de> wrote:
> Hi @ll,
>
> since about two or three years now, Microsoft offers Skype as
> optional update on Windows/Microsoft Update.
>
> JFTR: for Microsoft's euphemistic use of "update" see
>       <http://seclists.org/fulldisclosure/2018/Feb/17>
>
> Once installed, Skype uses its own proprietary update mechanism
> instead of Windows/Microsoft Update: Skype periodically runs
>     "%ProgramFiles%\Skype\Updater\Updater.exe"
> under the SYSTEM account.
> When an update is available, Updater.exe copies/extracts another
> executable as "%SystemRoot%\Temp\SKY<abcd>.tmp" and executes it
> using the command line
>     "%SystemRoot%\Temp\SKY<abcd>.tmp" /QUIET
>
> This executable is vulnerable to DLL hijacking: it loads at least
> UXTheme.dll from its application directory %SystemRoot%\Temp\
> instead from Windows' system directory.
>
> An unprivileged (local) user who is able to place UXTheme.dll or
> any of the other DLLs loaded by the vulnerable executable in
> %SystemRoot%\Temp\ gains escalation of privilege to the SYSTEM
> account.
>
>
> The attack vector is well-known and well-documented as CAPEC-471:
> <https://capec.mitre.org/data/definitions/471.html>
>
> Microsoft published plenty advice/guidance to avoid this beginner's
> error: <https://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ff919712.aspx>,
> <https://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/2269637.aspx>,
> <https://support.microsoft.com/en-us/help/2389418/secure-loading-of-libraries-to-prevent-dll-preloading-attacks>
> and
> <https://blogs.technet.microsoft.com/srd/2014/05/13/load-library-safely/>
> ... which their own developers and their QA but seem to ignore!
>
> See <https://bugs.chromium.org/p/project-zero/issues/detail?id=440>
> for the same vulnerability in another Microsoft product!

Not sure if this is related, but:
https://winbuzzer.com/2018/02/14/microsoft-just-killed-skype-classic-response-unfixable-security-bug-xcxwbn/

Microsoft today squashed a bug that was found in Skype\u2019s updater
process earlier this week. However, it seems the company\u2019s method for
stopping the flaw is to kill off the Skype classic experience. If that
is the case, users of Skype on Windows 7 and Windows 8.1 could lose
access to the service.

As reported on Monday, a security vulnerability could give hackers
access to system-level privileges. If properly exploited, attackers
could use Skype as a backdoor to get full system rights and enter all
areas of an operating system.

In response, Microsoft said it was unable to fix the bug immediately
because it would require a lot of work. Indeed, the company said patch
the flaw would take a massive code rewrite. In other words, Microsoft
would need to overhaul the whole underpinning of the classic Skype
program.

It seems Microsoft found an alternative to rewriting code and fixing
Skype\u2026 the company has decided to effectively kill off the classic
app. The older version of Skype is no longer available anywhere as a
download.
...





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