AST-2011-013: Possible remote enumeration of SIP endpoints with differing NAT settings

From: Asterisk Security Team <security@asterisk.org>
To: bugtraq@securityfocus.com
Cc:
Subject: AST-2011-013: Possible remote enumeration of SIP endpoints with differing NAT settings
Date:


               Asterisk Project Security Advisory - AST-2011-013

         Product        Asterisk                                              
         Summary        Possible remote enumeration of SIP endpoints with     
                        differing NAT settings                                
    Nature of Advisory  Unauthorized data disclosure                          
      Susceptibility    Remote unauthenticated sessions                       
         Severity       Minor                                                 
      Exploits Known    Yes                                                   
       Reported On      2011-07-18                                            
       Reported By      Ben Williams                                          
        Posted On       
     Last Updated On    December 7, 2011                                      
     Advisory Contact   Terry Wilson <twilson@digium.com>                     
         CVE Name       

    Description  It is possible to enumerate SIP usernames when the general   
                 and user/peer NAT settings differ in whether to respond to   
                 the port a request is sent from or the port listed for       
                 responses in the Via header. In 1.4 and 1.6.2, this would    
                 mean if one setting was nat=yes or nat=route and the other   
                 was either nat=no or nat=never. In 1.8 and 10, this would    
                 mean when one was nat=force_rport or nat=yes and the other   
                 was nat=no or nat=comedia.                                   

    Resolution  Handling NAT for SIP over UDP requires the differing          
                behavior introduced by these options.                         
                                                                              
                To lessen the frequency of unintended username disclosure,    
                the default NAT setting was changed to always respond to the  
                port from which we received the request-the most commonly     
                used option.                                                  
                                                                              
                Warnings were added on startup to inform administrators of    
                the risks of having a SIP peer configured with a different    
                setting than that of the general setting. The documentation   
                now strongly suggests that peers are no longer configured     
                for NAT individually, but through the global setting in the   
                "general" context.                                            

                               Affected Versions
                Product              Release Series  
         Asterisk Open Source             All        All versions             

                                  Corrected In                                
     As this is more of an issue with SIP over UDP in general, there is no    
     fix supplied other than documentation on how to avoid the problem. The   
        default NAT setting has been changed to what we believe the most      
      commonly used setting for the respective version in Asterisk 1.4.43,    
                             1.6.2.21, and 1.8.7.2.                           

            Links          

    Asterisk Project Security Advisories are posted at                        
    http://www.asterisk.org/security                                          
                                                                              
    This document may be superseded by later versions; if so, the latest      
    version will be posted at                                                 
    http://downloads.digium.com/pub/security/AST-2011-013.pdf and             
    http://downloads.digium.com/pub/security/AST-2011-013.html                

                                Revision History
           Date                 Editor                 Revisions Made         

               Asterisk Project Security Advisory - AST-2011-013
              Copyright (c) 2011 Digium, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
  Permission is hereby granted to distribute and publish this advisory in its
                           original, unaltered form.





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