FreeBSD Security Advisory FreeBSD-SA-19:10.ufs

From: FreeBSD Security Advisories <security-advisories@freebsd.org>
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Subject: FreeBSD Security Advisory FreeBSD-SA-19:10.ufs
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=============================================================================
FreeBSD-SA-19:10.ufs                                        Security Advisory
                                                          The FreeBSD Project

Topic:          Kernel stack disclosure in UFS/FFS

Category:       core
Module:         Kernel
Announced:      2019-07-02
Credits:        David G. Lawrence <dg@dglawrence.com>
Affects:        All supported versions of FreeBSD.
Corrected:      2019-05-10 23:45:16 UTC (stable/12, 12.0-STABLE)
                2019-07-02 00:02:16 UTC (releng/12.0, 12.0-RELEASE-p7)
                2019-05-10 23:46:42 UTC (stable/11, 11.2-STABLE)
                2019-07-02 00:02:16 UTC (releng/11.2, 11.2-RELEASE-p11)
CVE Name:       CVE-2019-5601

For general information regarding FreeBSD Security Advisories,
including descriptions of the fields above, security branches, and the
following sections, please visit <URL:https://security.FreeBSD.org/>.

I.   Background

The Berkeley Fast File System (FFS) is an implementation of the UNIX File
System (UFS) filesystem used by FreeBSD.

II.  Problem Description

A bug causes up to three bytes of kernel stack memory to be written to disk
as uninitialized directory entry padding.  This data can be viewed by any
user with read access to the directory.  Additionally, a malicious user with
write access to a directory can cause up to 254 bytes of kernel stack memory
to be exposed.

III. Impact

Some amount of the kernel stack is disclosed and written out to the
filesystem.

IV.  Workaround

No workaround is available but systems not using UFS/FFS are not affected.

V.   Solution

Special note: This update also adds the -z flag to fsck_ffs to have it scrub
the leaked information in the name padding of existing directories.  It only
needs to be run once on each UFS/FFS filesystem after a patched kernel is
installed and running.

Upgrade your vulnerable system to a supported FreeBSD stable or release /
security branch (releng) dated after the correction date.

Perform one of the following:

1) To update your vulnerable system via a binary patch:

Systems running a RELEASE version of FreeBSD on the i386 or amd64
platforms can be updated via the freebsd-update(8) utility:

# freebsd-update fetch
# freebsd-update install

Afterwards, reboot the system and run:

# fsck -t ufs -f -p -T ufs:-z

to clean up your existing filesystems.

2) To update your vulnerable system via a source code patch:

The following patches have been verified to apply to the applicable
FreeBSD release branches.

a) Download the relevant patch from the location below, and verify the
detached PGP signature using your PGP utility.

[FreeBSD 12.x]
# fetch https://security.FreeBSD.org/patches/SA-19:10/ufs.12.patch
# fetch https://security.FreeBSD.org/patches/SA-19:10/ufs.12.patch.asc
# gpg --verify ufs.12.patch.asc

[FreeBSD 11.x]
# fetch https://security.FreeBSD.org/patches/SA-19:10/ufs.11.patch
# fetch https://security.FreeBSD.org/patches/SA-19:10/ufs.11.patch.asc
# gpg --verify ufs.11.patch.asc

b) Apply the patch.  Execute the following commands as root:

# cd /usr/src
# patch < /path/to/patch

c) Recompile your kernel as described in
<URL:https://www.FreeBSD.org/handbook/kernelconfig.html> and reboot the
system and run:

# fsck -t ufs -f -p -T ufs:-z

to clean up your existing filesystems.

VI.  Correction details

The following list contains the correction revision numbers for each
affected branch.

Branch/path                                                      Revision
- -------------------------------------------------------------------------
stable/12/                                                        r347474
releng/12.0/                                                      r349623
stable/11/                                                        r347475
releng/11.2/                                                      r349623
- -------------------------------------------------------------------------

Note: This patch was applied to the stable/11 branch before the branch point
for releng/11.3. As such, no patch is needed for any 11.3-BETA or -RC.

To see which files were modified by a particular revision, run the
following command, replacing NNNNNN with the revision number, on a
machine with Subversion installed:

# svn diff -cNNNNNN --summarize svn://svn.freebsd.org/base

Or visit the following URL, replacing NNNNNN with the revision number:

<URL:https://svnweb.freebsd.org/base?view=revision&revision=NNNNNN>

VII. References

<URL:https://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2019-5601>

The latest revision of this advisory is available at
<URL:https://security.FreeBSD.org/advisories/FreeBSD-SA-19:10.ufs.asc>
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