Re: [Full-disclosure] HP A-series switches are affected, too. [WAS:- More on IPv6 RA-Guard evasion (IPv6 security)]

From: Fernando Gont <>
To: Dan Luedtke <>
Cc: <>,Full Disclosure <>
Subject: Re: [Full-disclosure] HP A-series switches are affected, too. [WAS:- More on IPv6 RA-Guard evasion (IPv6 security)]

Hi, Dan,

On 09/01/2011 06:32 AM, Dan Luedtke wrote:
> you addressed a problem that many vendors suffer from at the moment.
> Marc Heuse discovered this vulnerability, i guess, 

FWIW, "publicly-released first" != "discovered" (ask Cisco's PSIRT if in
doubt) -- anyway, I'm just trying to trigger discussion and get feedback...

> Based on Marc's ideas I tested the mentioned attack on Hewlett
> Packard's A-series switches, and I have to say that these attacks were
> successful. That stopped us from implementing IPv6 for a while in our
> network.

Do they ship with "RA-Guard"? -- Note that "hosts being vulnerable to
RA-based attacks" does not imply a vulnerable RA-Guard implementation.
The layer-2 might simply not ship with RA-Guard, it could ship with it
but not be enabled, etc.

Anyway... I'd bet that every implementation that "followed" the spec is

> If you are interested, you can obtain my thesis as PDF-document here
> (Chapter Edge-Level might be the one of your interest)

Will certainly take a look. Thanks!

> By the way, I don't think it is a good idea to disallow any Extension
> Headers in ND-Messages, 

Consensus at the relevant IETF working-group (6man) seems to be to only
ban the Fragment Header (when SEND is not employed).

A more conservative approach would be to simply require that the
upper-layer header be present in the first fragment. (i.e., that the
first fragment contains all the information that you need to apply an ACL).

> I'd like switches to discard ND-Messages with
> more that e.g. 3 chained headers. 

The point was that this could be expensive (if at all possible) for the
RA-Guard implementation to do.

> But that is another conversation...
> I subscribed to the IPv6 Hackers mailing list, maybe we will have some
> discussion about that over there.

Yep... will post something right now, and see if that triggers discussion.


Best regards,
Fernando Gont
SI6 Networks

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