Google Analytics by Yoast stored XSS

From: Jouko Pynnonen <jouko@iki.fi>
To: bugtraq@securityfocus.com
Cc:
Subject: Google Analytics by Yoast stored XSS
Date:


OVERVIEW
==========

Google Analytics by Yoast is a WordPress plug-in for monitoring
website traffic. With approximately seven million downloads it\u20ac\u2122s one
of the most popular WordPress plug-ins.

A security vulnerability in the plug-in allows an unauthenticated
attacker to store arbitrary HTML, including JavaScript, in the
WordPress administrator\u20ac\u2122s Dashboard on the target system. The
JavaScript will be triggered when an administrator views the plug-in\u20ac\u2122s
settings panel. No further user interaction is required.

Typically this can be used for arbitrary server-side code execution
via the plugin or theme editors. Alternatively the attacker could
change the administrator\u20ac\u2122s password, create new administrator
accounts, or do whatever else the currently logged-in administrator
can do on the target site.



DETAILS
=======

The impact is a combination of two underlying problems. Firstly,
missing access control allows an unauthenticated user to modify some
of the settings associated with the plug-in. It\u20ac\u2122s possible overwrite
the existing OAuth2 credentials which the plug-in uses for retrieving
data from Google Analytics, and thereby connect the plug-in with the
attacker\u20ac\u2122s own Google Analytics account.

Secondly, the plug-in renders an HTML dropdown menu based on the data
downloaded from Google Analytics. This data is not sanitized or
HTML-escaped. If the said attacker enters HTML code such as <script>
tags in the properties in their Google Analytics account settings, it
will appear in the WordPress administrative Dashboard of the targeted
system and get executed whenever someone views the settings.



PROOF OF CONCEPT
==================

The following HTML snippet could be used to hijack the Google
Analytics account of a website running a vulnerable version of the
plug-in:

<a href="http://YOUR.BLOG/wp-admin/admin-post.php?reauth=1">reauth</a>
<br><br>
<form method=POST action="http://YOUR.BLOG/wp-admin/admin-post.php">
<input type=text size=100 name="google_auth_code">
<input type=submit>
</form>


First, the attacker would click the reauth link. The action doesn't
require any kind of authentication. It will reset some of the plugin
settings and redirect the attacker to a google.com OAuth dialog, where
they'd get an authentication code.

Next the attacker would copy-paste the code in the above form and
submit. This would update the code in the plugin settings - again
without requiring authentication. The plugin would now retrieve its
data from the attacker's Google Analytics account.

The actual payload script would be entered at the attacker's own
Google Analytics account settings at

https://www.google.com/analytics/web/?hl=en#management/Settings/

An example of a property name:

    test"><script>alert('stored XSS')</script>

This would fire an alert box whenever an administrator views the
Analytics settings page in the Dashboard of the target WordPress site.

A real-world attack would probably use a src attribute to load a more
sophisticated script from an external site. It could make chained ajax
calls to load and submit administrative forms, including those of the
plugin editor to write server-side PHP code, and finally execute it.



SOLUTION
=========

Yoast was notified on March 18, 2015. A new version of the plug-in
(5.3.3) was released the next day.



CREDITS
========

The vulnerability was found by Jouko Pynnönen of Klikki Oy, Finland.

An up-to-date version of this document is available at
http://klikki.fi/adv/yoast_analytics.html



-- 
Jouko Pynnönen <jouko@iki.fi>
Klikki Oy - http://klikki.fi - @klikkioy





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